Geographic Information Systems and Science for Cancer Control

Access to Health Services

There are significant spatial differences in the availability of health services. Urban areas typically have better access to health services than rural areas. Even within most urban environments, there are areas with a shortage of health professionals, hospitals, and clinics. These shortages often occur in high poverty areas.

Why Spatial Context Matters

Screening Services

Access to cancer screening services.

Latest Advances

Access to recent advances in cancer diagnosis and treatment.

Measures of Access

Place-based access: distance from home or work location to provider offices; People-based access: cumulative opportunities for access along daily travel paths

Barriers to Access

Geographic barriers: freeways, rivers, lack of public transit; Socio-economic barriers: poverty, lack of education, lack of health insurance coverage, and cultural and language barriers.

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